© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Aim: To identify the costs of replacing an entire malfunctioning AUS device versus an individual component at the time of device malfunction. Methods: Decision analysis was performed by analyzing the costs associated with revising a malfunctioning artificial urinary sphincter using one of two techniques: either individual or entire device replacement. Costs were determined by including actual institutional costs. Model assumptions were based on a summary of published literature and were created based on a time horizon of 0-5 years since the original, primary AUS was placed, and models were created for malfunction of each individual component. Sensitivity analysis was done adjusting for costs of the device and failure rates. Results: Total costs to replace an individual component were $8330 for the pump, $7611 for the cuff, and $5599 for the balloon, while entire device replacement cost $15 069. Over a 5-year time horizon the cost per patient for replacement of a balloon, pump, or cuff were $14 407, $17 491, and $15 212, respectively, versus $18 001 if the entire device was replaced. To be less costly to replace the entire device, balloon, pump, and cuff failure rates would need to be >55%, >25%, or >37.5% during the first 2 years after placement. Conclusion: In the event of failure of the artificial urinary sphincter, cost analysis demonstrates that removal and replacement of the entire device is more expensive than replacement of a malfunctioning component at any point up to 5 years after initial AUS placement.