In vitro study of the susceptibility of clinical isolates of trichomonas vaginalis to metronidazole and secnidazole

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Nitroimidazoles (metronidazole [MTZ] and tinidazole [TNZ]) are the only drugs recommended for treatment of Trichomonas vaginalis infections. MTZ resistance occurs in 4% to 10% of cases of vaginal trichomoniasis (R. D. Kirkcaldy et al., Emerg Infect Dis 18:939 -943, 2012; J. R. Schwebke and F. J. Barrientes, Antimicrob Agents Chemother 50:4209-4210, 2006) and TNZ resistance in 1% of cases (J. R. Schwebke and F. J. Barrientes, Antimicrob Agents Chemother 50:4209-4210, 2006). Emerging nitroimidazole-resistant trichomoniasis is concerning, because few alternatives to standard therapy exist. We assessed the prevalence of in vitro aerobic MTZ and secnidazole resistance among T. vaginalis isolates collected in 2015 to 2016 from 100 women in Birmingham, Alabama, with positive cultures. Archived specimens were treated with secnidazole or MTZ (0.2 to 400 μg/ml) for 48 h, according to U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention protocols. Ninety-six (96%) of the 100 clinical Trichomonas isolates tested demonstrated lower minimum lethal concentrations for secnidazole than for MTZ, suggesting that secnidazole has better in vitro activity than MTZ.
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    Author List

  • Ghosh AP; Aycock C; Schwebke JR
  • Volume

  • 62
  • Issue

  • 4