Improving Population Health among Uninsured Patients with Diabetes

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © Copyright 2018, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers 2018. Diabetes is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality; prevalence of diabetes is especially high in the southeastern United States among minority populations and those from lower socioeconomic sectors without access to health care services. The purpose of this project was to evaluate the clinical and financial outcomes of a nurse-led, interprofessional collaborative practice model that provides care coordination and transitional care for uninsured patients with diabetes. Data for this study were collected and evaluated from medical records of patients seen at the Providing Access to Health Care (PATH) Clinic between August 1, 2015, through May 30, 2017. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by comparing hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) values before and after referral to the PATH Clinic. Cost savings to the academic medical center were evaluated by comparing costs associated with inpatient or emergency department encounters before and after referral to the PATH Clinic. A significant decrease in HbA1c (P < .0005) was noted for patients attending the PATH Clinic. In addition, financial analyses revealed a 55% decrease in pre to post PATH Clinic patients' direct costs. Similarly, a 42% decrease in the pre to post PATH Clinic patients' direct cost per encounter was noted. Average length of stay also was reduced when these patients were readmitted to the academic medical center. Results from this study support the effectiveness of the PATH Clinic model in caring for uninsured patients with clinically complex medical and social needs, often with behavioral health problems, who incur high health care spending and are often readmitted.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Talley MH; Polancich S; Williamson JB; Frank JS; Curry W; Russell JF; Selleck C
  • Start Page

  • 373
  • End Page

  • 377
  • Volume

  • 21
  • Issue

  • 5