Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), through mechanisms that are not completely understood, is shown to modulate cellular proliferation, which is critically important for maintaining the integrity of intestinal epithelium. Here, we show that increased S1P promotes proliferation in intestinal epithelial cells. We found that overexpression of sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1), the rate-limiting enzyme for S1P synthesis, significantly increased cell proliferation and that this occurred through enhanced expression of c-Myc. Further, we found that the increased pattern of expression of c-Myc occurred predominantly due to its increased translation. The overexpressed SphK1 led to increased checkpoint kinase 2 and enhanced HuR phosphorylation which allowed for increased translation of c-Myc mRNA through HuR binding at the 3=-untranslated regions. Our findings demonstrate that S1P modulates intestinal cell proliferation and provides new insights as to the mechanistic actions of SphK1 and S1P in maintaining intestinal epithelial homeostasis. © 2013 the American Physiological Society.