Clustering of metabolic abnormalities among obese patients and mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Although current literature demonstrates metabolic abnormalities are associated with mortality, obese patients who tend to have more metabolic abnormalities paradoxically have lower overall mortality rates compared to their normal-weight counterparts. In this study, we examined the prevalence of metabolic abnormality clustering and its relation to mortality in obese and normal-weight patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients (n = 9,673) undergoing elective PCI from October 2003 through December 2006 at a single urban hospital were categorized by body mass index (BMI) levels of 18.5 to 24.9, 25.0 to 29.9, 30.0 to 34.9, and ≥35 kg/m2 and by number of metabolic abnormalities possessed (hypertension, impaired fasting glucose/diabetes, triglycerides ≥150 mg/dl, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol < 40 mg/dl, and C-reactive protein ≥2.0 mg/L). All-cause mortality was assessed through June 30, 2007. Mean age of patients was 65.9 years and 66% were men. Prevalences of 4 or 5 metabolic abnormalities were 12%, 18%, 24%, and 31% in patients with BMI levels of 18.5 to 24.9, 25.0 to 29.9, 30 to 34.9, and ≥35 kg/m2, respectively. In patients with BMI of 30.0 to 34.9 kg/m2, hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for mortality associated with 2, 3, and 4 to 5 metabolic abnormalities versus 0 to 1 metabolic abnormality were 1.31 (0.79 to 2.17), 1.42 (0.83 to 2.43), and 2.39 (1.24 to 4.59), respectively. Analogous hazard ratios for patients with BMI ≥35 kg/m2 were 1.94 (0.90 to 4.20), 1.44 (0.63 to 3.28), and 2.17 (0.91 to 5.18). All-cause mortality rates per 1,000 person-years were 55.5, 33.7, 28.3, and 33.8 in patients with BMI levels of 18.5 to 24.9, 25 to 29.9, 30 to 34.9, and ≥35 kg/m2, respectively. In conclusion, BMI levels of 25.0 to 29.9 and 30 to 34.9 kg/m2 were associated with lower all-cause mortality after PCI. However, an increased number of metabolic abnormalities translated into increased all-cause mortality. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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    Author List

  • Bashey S; Muntner P; Kini AS; Esquitin R; Razzouk L; Mathewkutty S; Wildman RP; Carson AP; Kim MC; Moreno PR
  • Start Page

  • 1415
  • End Page

  • 1420
  • Volume

  • 107
  • Issue

  • 10