Risk factors for site specific extracranial carotid artery plaque distribution as measured by B-mode ultrasound.

Academic Article


  • The effect of age, sex, diabetes, hypertension, pulse rate and cigarette smoking on extracranial carotid artery plaque thickness evaluated by B-mode ultrasonography was investigated in a cross-sectional study of 698 white men, 730 white women, 77 black men and 76 black women as part of a clinical ultrasound registry. Subjects were between 24 and 98 years of age, with a mean age of 63 years. Arterial locations evaluated were: proximal, mid and distal common carotid; the bifurcation; and the proximal and mid internal and external carotids. In a general linear multivariate analysis with plaque thickness at each site as the outcome variable, cigarette smoking and age were the two most consistent risk factors, and affected plaque thickness at all the investigated sites. Hypertension affected more sites than diabetes, men had more plaques than women, and except for the common carotid, whites had more plaques than blacks. Thus, risk factors were not uniformly associated with atherosclerosis at all sites of the extracranial carotid arteries.
  • Authors


  • Adult, African Continental Ancestry Group, Age Factors, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Arteriosclerosis, Carotid Artery Diseases, Carotid Artery, External, Diabetes Complications, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Humans, Hypertension, Male, Middle Aged, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Smoking, Ultrasonography, United States
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Tell GS; Howard G; McKinney WM
  • Start Page

  • 551
  • End Page

  • 559
  • Volume

  • 42
  • Issue

  • 6