Distribution and correlates of plasma fibrinogen in middle-aged women. Initial findings of the Postmenopausal Estrogen/Progestin Interventions (PEPI) study.

Academic Article


  • Fibrinogen levels have been reported in cohort and case-control studies to be positively related to the development of coronary heart disease. This report presents the distribution and determinants of fibrinogen in women enrolling in a 3-year randomized trial of hormone replacement therapy (HRT), the Postmenopausal Estrogen/Progestin Interventions (PEPI) trial. Fasting plasma fibrinogen levels were measured in 874 postmenopausal women, aged 45 to 65 years, who had not used HRT for at least 3.5 months. Mean (+/- SD) fibrinogen level was 2.83 +/- 0.45 g/L. There was a significant positive association between fibrinogen and age (P = .03). Significantly higher (P < .005) fibrinogen levels were seen in current smokers versus nonsmokers (2.94 versus 2.81 g/L), in women who reported consuming fewer than 12 alcoholic drinks in the 12 months before the baseline visit versus higher consumption (2.90 versus 2.79 g/L), and in women who reported never versus ever having used HRT (2.90 versus 2.77 g/L). Self-reported leisure time physical activity (LTPA) was negatively associated (P = .0001) with fibrinogen levels as follows: inactive (2.84 g/L), light (2.89 g/L), moderate (2.80 g/L), and heavy (2.60 g/L), with significantly (P = .0001) lower levels in women who reported heavy LTPA versus each of the other categories and in women reporting moderate versus light LTPA. A strong positive correlation was found between fibrinogen and body mass index (BMI) (r = .32; P < .0001). In a model that included age, smoking, alcohol intake, prior HRT, LTPA, and BMI, LTPA was no longer a statistically significant predictor of fibrinogen level, while associations with other variables remained significant.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Authors


  • Aged, Alcohol Drinking, Body Mass Index, Estrogen Replacement Therapy, Female, Fibrinogen, Humans, Life Style, Middle Aged, Physical Exertion, Postmenopause, Smoking, Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Author List

  • Stefanick ML; Legault C; Tracy RP; Howard G; Kessler CM; Lucas DL; Bush TL
  • Start Page

  • 2085
  • End Page

  • 2093
  • Volume

  • 15
  • Issue

  • 12