Trends in severity of hospitalized myocardial infarction: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study, 1987-1994

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: Declining mortality rates of coronary heart disease in the United States could be attributable to declining incidence, declining severity, and/or improvements in treatment. Methods: We examined trends in severity of patients hospitalized for myocardial infarction to characterize its contribution to this decline by using data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Results: No significant change in the proportion having systolic blood pressure <100 mm Hg or an abnormal pulse at presentation was noted. The proportion with ST-segment elevation on the initial electrocardiogram increased 10% per year (P < .001), and the proportion with a diagnostic or evolving diagnostic electrocardiogram abnormality increased 4% per year (P < .01); the proportion that had a new Q- wave infarction develop remained unchanged. The mean peak creatine kinase level decreased 5% per year (P < .001), the proportion with abnormal enzyme levels decreased 10% per year (P < .001), and the proportion that met criteria for definite myocardial infarction decreased 4% per year (P < .05). The proportion that had cardiogenic shock decreased 10.9% per year (P < .01), but the proportion that had an acute episode of congestive heart failure was stable. Conclusions: With stable hemodynamic indicators, worsening electrocardiographic indicators, and improving enzymatic indicators, these results provide mixed support for decreases in the severity of myocardial infarction.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Goff DC; Howard G; Wang CH; Folsom AR; Rosamond WD; Cooper LS; Chambless LE
  • Start Page

  • 874
  • End Page

  • 880
  • Volume

  • 139
  • Issue

  • 5