Age-related differences in responses to endotoxin infusion in unanesthetized piglets.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Newborn endotoxic shock syndrome is associated with high morbidity and mortality, yet presents with different clinical manifestations than in older patients. To determine the influence of age on hemodynamic and metabolic responses to endotoxin, we developed a chronically instrumented endotoxic shock model using eight 1-3-day-old and seven 2-3-week-old piglets. Three days after surgery, 10 mg/kg of endotoxin was infused intravenously over 10 min in the younger group, and 5-10 mg/kg was given to the older animals. Two older piglets died immediately after infusion of 5 mg/kg of endotoxin, and five of the seven died within 4 hr, while all eight younger animals lived longer than 4 hr. Pulmonary artery pressure increased significantly after endotoxin in both groups, and there were no differences between groups. Systemic artery pressure and cardiac index fell by 44 +/- 10% and 70 +/- 15%, respectively, 5 min after endotoxin infusion in the older group, while these values did not change significantly in the younger group. Endotoxin infusion also caused greater elevation in pulmonary vascular resistance index in the older animals. In the later phase, which began 30 min after endotoxin, both groups displayed systemic hypotension and pulmonary hypertension, and the groups did not differ from one another in this regard. With progression of endotoxic shock, more severe metabolic acidosis developed in the older animals than in the younger animals. Plasma thromboxane B2 levels in the older group were about double those in younger piglets. Plasma 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and TNF alpha levels in both groups were similar and were significantly increased in the later phase.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Published In

  • Circulatory shock  Journal
  • Keywords

  • 6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha, Aging, Animals, Animals, Newborn, Blood Pressure, Endotoxins, Escherichia coli, Female, Hemodynamics, Kinetics, Oxygen, Pulmonary Artery, Shock, Septic, Swine, Thromboxane B2, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, Vascular Resistance
  • Author List

  • Li JX; Oliver JR; Lu CY; Grantham KD; Philips JB
  • Start Page

  • 40
  • End Page

  • 47
  • Volume

  • 41
  • Issue

  • 1