© 2018 the American Physiological Society. Mounting evidence suggests that there is an internal molecular “clock” within the kidney to help maintain normal renal function. Disturbance of the kidney circadian rhythm may pose a threat to water and electrolyte homeostasis and blood pressure regulation, among many other problems. The identification of circadian genes facilitated a more comprehensive appreciation of the importance of “keeping the body on time”; however, our knowledge is very limited with regard to how circadian genes regulate kidney function. In this brief review, we summarize recent progress in circadian control of renal physiology, with a particular focus on aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator-like protein (Arntl1; also called Bmal1).