Bihemispheric gunshot wounds: Survival and long-term neuropsychological follow-up of three siblings

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Purpose: Penetrating gunshot wounds to the head (GSWH) have notoriously poor outcomes with extremely high mortality. Long-term follow-up data of affected children is scant in the medical literature. This report summarizes clinical presentation, management, and long-term outcomes from three children who survived "execution style" frontal, bihemispheric gunshot wounds with no or minimal surgical intervention. Methods: A retrospective chart review of available medical records and outcomes from standardized, validated psychological instruments was undertaken, summarized, and evaluated. Results: Despite bihemispheric injuries in each patient, no patient required operative intervention. Each child survived without readily evident neurologic impairment; however, the extent of impaired executive function varied widely, and severe disinhibition remains profoundly disabling in one survivor. Conclusions: Bihemispheric penetrating gunshot injuries are not uniformly fatal and can occasionally be associated with long-term favorable survival; however, impaired executive function has significant potential to be profoundly disabling in these injuries. © 2014 Springer-Verlag.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Gordon AS; Tofil N; Marullo D; Blount JP
  • Start Page

  • 1589
  • End Page

  • 1594
  • Volume

  • 30
  • Issue

  • 9