The crystal structure analysis of group B streptococcus sortase C1: A model for the "lid" movement upon substrate binding

Academic Article

Abstract

  • A unique feature of the class-C-type sortases, enzymes essential for Gram-positive pilus biogenesis, is the presence of a flexible "lid" anchored in the active site. However, the mechanistic details of the "lid" displacement, suggested to be a critical prelude for enzyme catalysis, are not yet known. This is partly due to the absence of enzyme-substrate and enzyme-inhibitor complex crystal structures. We have recently described the crystal structures of the Streptococcus agalactiae SAG2603 V/R sortase SrtC1 in two space groups (type II and type III) and that of its "lid" mutant and proposed a role of the "lid" as a protector of the active-site hydrophobic environment. Here, we report the crystal structures of SAG2603 V/R sortase C1 in a different space group (type I) and that of its complex with a small-molecule cysteine protease inhibitor. We observe that the catalytic Cys residue is covalently linked to the small-molecule inhibitor without lid displacement. However, the type I structure provides a view of the sortase SrtC1 lid displacement while having structural elements similar to a substrate sorting motif suitably positioned in the active site. We propose that these major conformational changes seen in the presence of a substrate mimic in the active site may represent universal features of class C sortase substrate recognition and enzyme activation. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Khare B; Fu ZQ; Huang IH; Hung TT; Narayana SVL
  • Start Page

  • 563
  • End Page

  • 577
  • Volume

  • 414
  • Issue

  • 4