Developing an intervention to address physical activity barriers for African-American women in the deep south (USA).

Academic Article

Abstract

  • AIM: To address high rates of inactivity and related chronic diseases among African-American women. MATERIALS & METHODS: Eleven focus groups on physical activity barriers for African-American women in the deep south (USA) were conducted (n = 56). Feedback guided an intervention development process. The resulting Home-Based Individually Tailored Physical Activity Print intervention was vetted with the target population in a 1-month, single arm, pre-post test demonstration trial (n = 10). RESULTS: Retention was high (90%). Intent-to-treat analyses indicated increases in motivational readiness for physical activity (70% of sample) and physical activity (7-day Physical Activity Recall) from baseline (mean: 89.5 min/week, standard deviation: 61.17) to 1 month (mean: 155 min/week, standard deviation: 100.86). Small improvements in fitness (6-Min Walk Test), weight and psychosocial process measures were also found. CONCLUSION: Preliminary findings show promise and call for future randomized controlled trials with larger samples to determine efficacy. Such low-cost, high-reach approaches to promoting physical activity have great potential for addressing health disparities and benefiting public health.
  • Published In

  • Women's Health  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Adult, African Americans, Aged, Attitude to Health, Chronic Disease, Female, Focus Groups, Health Education, Health Promotion, Humans, Middle Aged, Motivation, Motor Activity, Sedentary Behavior, Southeastern United States, Young Adult
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Pekmezi D; Marcus B; Meneses K; Baskin ML; Ard JD; Martin MY; Adams N; Robinson C; Demark-Wahnefried W
  • Start Page

  • 301
  • End Page

  • 312
  • Volume

  • 9
  • Issue

  • 3