Post-resuscitation arterial oxygen and carbon dioxide and outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • OBJECTIVE: To determine if arterial oxygen and carbon dioxide abnormalities in the first 24h after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) are associated with increased mortality in adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: We used data from the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC), including adult OHCA with sustained ROSC ≥1h after Emergency Department arrival and at least one arterial blood gas (ABG) measurement. Among ABGs measured during the first 24h of hospitalization, we identified the presence of hyperoxemia (PaO2≥300mmHg), hypoxemia (PaO2<60mmHg), hypercarbia (PaCO2>50mmHg) and hypocarbia (PaCO2<30mmHg). We evaluated the associations between oxygen and carbon dioxide abnormalities and hospital mortality, adjusting for confounders. RESULTS: Among 9186 OHCA included in the analysis, hospital mortality was 67.3%. Hyperoxemia, hypoxemia, hypercarbia, and hypocarbia occurred in 26.5%, 19.0%, 51.0% and 30.6%, respectively. Initial hyperoxemia only was not associated with hospital mortality (adjusted OR 1.10; 95% CI: 0.97-1.26). However, final and any hyperoxemia (1.25; 1.11-1.41) were associated with increased hospital mortality. Initial (1.58; 1.30-1.92), final (3.06; 2.42-3.86) and any (1.76; 1.54-2.02) hypoxemia (PaO2<60mmHg) were associated with increased hospital mortality. Initial (1.89; 1.70-2.10); final (2.57; 2.18-3.04) and any (1.85; 1.67-2.05) hypercarbia (PaCO2>50mmHg) were associated with increased hospital mortality. Initial (1.13; 0.90-1.41), final (1.19; 1.04-1.37) and any (1.01; 0.91-1.12) hypocarbia (PaCO2<30mmHg) were not associated with hospital mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In the first 24h after ROSC, abnormal post-arrest oxygen and carbon dioxide tensions are associated with increased out of-hospital cardiac arrest mortality.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Resuscitation  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Cardiopulmonary arrest, Hypercarbia, Hyperoxemia, Hypocarbia, Hypoxemia, Post-arrest care, Aged, Blood Gas Analysis, Carbon Dioxide, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, Female, Humans, Hypercapnia, Hypoxia, Male, Middle Aged, Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest, Oxygen, Prospective Studies, Registries
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Authorlist

  • Wang HE; Prince DK; Drennan IR; Grunau B; Carlbom DJ; Johnson N; Hansen M; Elmer J; Christenson J; Kudenchuk P
  • Start Page

  • 113
  • End Page

  • 118
  • Volume

  • 120