Behavioral development after forelimb deafferentation on day of birth in monkeys with and without blinding

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Four infant monkeys underwent somatosensory deafferentation of both forelimbs within hours after birth. Ambulation, climbing, and reaching toward objects developed spontaneously in each case. Thumb-forefinger prehension could be trained by operant shaping methods. Two infants deafferented at birth and blinded by eyelid closure were retarded in motor development by only 1 to 2 weeks. Results indicate that topographic sensory feedback and autogenetic spinal reflexes are not necessary after birth for the development of most types of movement performed by the forelimb musculature in monkeys.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Science  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Taub E; Perrella P; Barro G
  • Start Page

  • 959
  • End Page

  • 960
  • Volume

  • 181
  • Issue

  • 4103