Developing the Clinical Nurse Leader Survey Instrument: A Modified Delphi Study.

Academic Article


  • Clinical nurse leader (CNL)-integrated care delivery is an emerging nursing model, with growing adoption in diverse health systems. To generate a robust evidence base for this promising nursing model, it is necessary to measure CNL practice to explicitly link it to observed quality and safety outcome improvements. This study used a modified Delphi approach with an expert CNL panel to develop and test the face, content, and construct validity of the CNL Practice Survey instrument.
  • Published In


  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated, Delphi Technique, Humans, Leadership, Models, Nursing, Nurse Clinicians, Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Bender M; Avolio A; Baker P; Harris JL; Hilton N; Hites L; Roussel L; Shirley B; Thomas PL; Williams M
  • Start Page

  • 300
  • End Page

  • 308
  • Volume

  • 33
  • Issue

  • 4