Deep Venous Thrombosis and Thromboembolism in Patients with Cervical Spinal Cord Injuries.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • STANDARDS: Prophylactic treatment of thromboembolism in patients with severe motor deficits due to spinal cord injury is recommended.The use of low-molecular-weight heparins, rotating beds, adjusted dose heparin, or a combination of modalities is recommended as a prophylactic treatment strategy.Low-dose heparin in combination with pneumatic compression stockings or electrical stimulation is recommended as a prophylactic treatment strategy. GUIDELINES: Low-dose heparin therapy alone is not recommended as a prophylactic treatment strategy.Oral anticoagulation alone is not recommended as a prophylactic treatment strategy. OPTIONS: Duplex Doppler ultrasound, impedance plethysmography, and venography are recommended for use as diagnostic tests for deep venous thrombosis in the spinal cord-injured patient population.A 3-month duration of prophylactic treatment for deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism is recommended.Vena cava filters are recommended for patients who do not respond to anticoagulation or who are not candidates for anticoagulation therapy and/or mechanical devices.
  • Published In

  • Neurosurgery  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Hadley MN; Walters BC; Grabb PA; Oyesiku NM; Przybylski GJ; Resnick DK; Ryken TC
  • Start Page

  • S73
  • End Page

  • S80
  • Volume

  • 50
  • Issue

  • suppl_3