© 2017 American Chemical Society. The standard-of-care therapeutics for the treatment of ocular neovascular diseases like wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are biologics targeting vascular endothelial growth factor signaling. There are currently no FDA approved small molecules for treating these blinding eye diseases. Therefore, therapeutic agents with novel mechanisms are critical to complement or combine with existing approaches. Here, we identified soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), a key enzyme for epoxy fatty acid metabolism, as a target of an antiangiogenic homoisoflavonoid, SH-11037. SH-11037 inhibits sEH in vitro and in vivo and docks to the substrate binding cleft in the sEH hydrolase domain. sEH levels and activity are up-regulated in the eyes of a choroidal neovascularization (CNV) mouse model. sEH is overexpressed in human wet AMD eyes, suggesting that sEH is relevant to neovascularization. Known sEH inhibitors delivered intraocularly suppressed CNV. Thus, by dissecting a bioactive compound's mechanism, we identified a new chemotype for sEH inhibition and characterized sEH as a target for blocking the CNV that underlies wet AMD.