The nuclear factor erythroid 2 like 2 (Nfe2l2/Nrf2) is a master regulator of antioxidant gene transcription. We recently identified that constitutive activation of Nrf2 (CaNrf2) caused reductive stress (RS) in the myocardium. Here we investigate how chronic Nrf2 activation alters myocardial mRNA transcriptome in the hearts of CaNrf2 transgenic (TG-low and TG-high) mice using an unbiased integrated systems approach and next generation RNA sequencing followed by qRT-PCR methods. A total of 246 and 1031 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in the heart of TGL and TGH in relation to NTG littermates at ~ 6 months of age. Notably, the expression and validation of the transcripts were gene-dosage dependent and statistically significant. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis identified enriched biological processes and canonical pathways associated with myocardial RS in the CaNrf2-TG mice. In addition, an overrepresentation of xenobiotic metabolic signaling, glutathione-mediated detoxification, unfolded protein response, and protein ubiquitination was observed. Other, non-canonical signaling pathways identified include: eNOS, integrin-linked kinase, glucocorticoid receptor, PI3/AKT, actin cytoskeleton, cardiac hypertrophy, and the endoplasmic reticulum stress response. In conclusion, this mRNA profiling identified a “biosignature” for pro-reductive (TGL) and reductive stress (TGH) that can predict the onset, rate of progression, and clinical outcome of Nrf2-dependent myocardial complications. We anticipate that this global sequencing analysis will illuminate the undesirable effect of chronic Nrf2 signaling leading to RS-mediated pathogenesis besides providing important guidance for the application of Nrf2 activation-based cytoprotective strategies.