© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Liver lesions are often incidentally detected on ultrasound examination and may be incompletely characterized, requiring further imaging. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the United States for liver lesion characterization. CEUS has the ability to characterize focal liver lesions and has been shown to be superior to color Doppler and power Doppler ultrasound in the detection of tumor vascularity. Differentiating benign from malignant liver lesions is essential to characterizing liver lesions. The CEUS imaging characteristics of benign liver lesions are reviewed, including hepatic cysts, hemangiomas, focal fat, focal nodular hyperplasia, hepatocellular adenomas, abscesses, and traumatic lesions.