Design and implementation of observational studies to measure disease burden with a focus on stroke.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Observational epidemiological studies have the dual goals of measuring disease burden and assessing the association between exposures and outcomes. This report focuses on the first of these goals and provides an overview of design considerations of commonly used approaches, specifically community surveillance studies, cross-sectional studies, and longitudinal cohort studies. Each of these designs has strengths and weaknesses, with no study design being superior in all cases. Rather, these designs are complementary to achieve a better understanding of the burden of stroke.
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Disease burden, epidemiology, incidence, methodology, prevalence, stroke, Community Medicine, Cross-Sectional Studies, Environmental Exposure, Epidemiologic Research Design, Epidemiologic Studies, Humans, Incidence, Observational Studies as Topic, Prevalence, Stroke
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Howard G; Howard VJ
  • Start Page

  • 157
  • End Page

  • 165
  • Volume

  • 13
  • Issue

  • 2