© 2017 American Association of Medical Dosimetrists This study aimed to investigate the dynamics of the vaginal wall dose for interstitial brachytherapy (ISBT). A patient undergoing ISBT was selected as the patient case. The phantom case was generated to simulate the patient case in all regards with the exception of parallel needle positions. The vaginal wall was contoured as a 0.5-cm expansion around the vaginal surface of the obturator. The prescribed ISBT dose was 20 Gy in 4 fractions. Six treatment plans were generated by modifying relative dwell times and needle positions (DTNP). The volume of the vaginal wall receiving > 150% of prescription dose (V> 150%) and D2cc of the vaginal wall were compared among plans. The V> 150% was much larger in the patient case (49.3%) due to unparallel needles compared with the phantom case (14.3%) without modification (plan 1). Among the 6 plans, reduced dwell time (plan 3) and no dwell time (plans 5 and 6) on the vaginal surface needles had the lowest vaginal wall doses with the use of a central obturator needle in both cases. In comparison of patient case plans 1, 3, 5, and 6, V150% was 49.2%, 19.0%, 21.3%, and 28.7%, respectively, and D2cc was 41.15 Gy, 33.10 Gy, 36.51 Gy, and 34.37 Gy, respectively, which was limited around each loaded needle. Modification of DTNP is able to reduce the vaginal wall volume exceeding 150% of the prescription dose in the patient case. Understanding these dynamics of the vaginal wall dose will improve dose optimization of ISBT and may reduce vaginal morbidities.