Hyperoxia causes miR-34a-mediated injury via angiopoietin-1 in neonatal lungs.

Academic Article


  • Hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury (HALI) is a key contributor to the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in neonates, for which no specific preventive or therapeutic agent is available. Here we show that lung micro-RNA (miR)-34a levels are significantly increased in lungs of neonatal mice exposed to hyperoxia. Deletion or inhibition of miR-34a improves the pulmonary phenotype and BPD-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in BPD mouse models, which, conversely, is worsened by miR-34a overexpression. Administration of angiopoietin-1, which is one of the downstream targets of miR34a, is able to ameliorate the BPD pulmonary and PAH phenotypes. Using three independent cohorts of human samples, we show that miR-34a expression is increased in type 2 alveolar epithelial cells in neonates with respiratory distress syndrome and BPD. Our data suggest that pharmacologic miR-34a inhibition may be a therapeutic option to prevent or ameliorate HALI/BPD in neonates.
  • Published In


  • Alveolar Epithelial Cells, Angiopoietin-1, Animals, Animals, Newborn, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, Computational Biology, Female, Gene Deletion, Humans, Hyperoxia, Infant, Newborn, Lung, Male, MicroRNAs, Phenotype, Receptor, TIE-2, Signal Transduction
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Syed M; Das P; Pawar A; Aghai ZH; Kaskinen A; Zhuang ZW; Ambalavanan N; Pryhuber G; Andersson S; Bhandari V
  • Start Page

  • 1173
  • Volume

  • 8
  • Issue

  • 1