Objectively Assessed Physical Activity and Weight Loss Maintenance among Individuals Enrolled in a Lifestyle Intervention

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2017 The Obesity Society Objective: To examine the relationship between objectively assessed moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and 4-year weight loss (WL) and WL maintenance among individuals with diabetes enrolled in the Look AHEAD trial. Methods: MVPA was measured in a subgroup of lifestyle intervention participants with accelerometry data at baseline and at 1 and 4 years (n = 553; age: 59.7 ± 6.8 y; BMI: 35.5 ± 5.9 kg/m2). Minutes per week of bout-related MVPA were calculated (≥ 3 metabolic equivalents, ≥ 10-min bouts), and adherence to the national physical activity (PA) recommendation for WL maintenance (≥ 250 min/wk) was assessed. Results: Independent of 1-year WL, 4-year MVPA (β = −0.003, SE = 0.002, P = 0.006), but not 1-year MVPA (β = 0.0001, SE = 0.001, P = 0.50), was significantly associated with 4-year WL. Compared with “nonmaintainers” (≥ 10% WL at year 1, but < 10% at year 4; n = 132), WL maintainers (≥ 10% WL at years 1 and 4; n = 103) had higher MVPA at year 1 (253.4 ± 251.8 vs. 163.9 ± 158.2 min/wk, P = 0.002) and year 4 (155.3 ± 180.6 vs. 111.4 ± 154.5 min/wk, P = 0.046). Although 38.8% and 22.3% of WL maintainers engaged in ≥ 250 min/wk at years 1 and 4, respectively, many engaged in < 150 min/wk (year 1: 41%, year 4: 61%). Conclusions: Higher weekly MVPA is associated with greater long-term WL and weight maintenance; however, many individuals are able to maintain ≥ 10% WL while engaging in little MVPA.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Unick JL; Gaussoin SA; Hill JO; Jakicic JM; Bond DS; Hellgren M; Johnson KC; Peters AL; Coday M; Kitzman DW
  • Start Page

  • 1903
  • End Page

  • 1909
  • Volume

  • 25
  • Issue

  • 11