Pharmacokinetic study of levetiracetam in children

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Purpose: The pharmacokinetics of the novel antiepileptic drug (AED) levetiracetam and its major metabolite, ucb L057, were studied in children with partial seizures in a multicenter, open-label, single-dose study. Methods: Twenty-four children (15 boys, nine girls), 6 to 12 years old, received a single dose of levetiracetam (20 mg/kg) as an adjunct to their stable regimen of a single concomitant AED, followed by a 24-h pharmacokinetic evaluation. Results: In children, the half-lives of levetiracetam and its metabolite ucb L057 were 6.0 ± 1.1 and 8.1 ± 2.7 hours, respectively. The Cmax and area under the curve (AUC) of levetiracetam equated for a 1-mg/kg dose were lower in children (Cmax.norm = 1.33 ± 0.35 μg/ml; AUCnorm = 12.4 ± 3.5 μg/h/ml) than in adults (Cmax.norm = 1.38 ± 0.05 μg/ml; AUCnorm = 11.48 ± 0.63 μg/h/ml), whereas the renal clearance was higher. The apparent body clearance (1.43 ± 0.36 ml/min/kg) was ∼30-40% higher in children than in adults. Levetiracetam was generally well tolerated. Conclusions: On the basis of these data, a daily maintenance dose equivalent to 130-140% of the usual daily adult maintenance dosage (1,000-3,000 mg/day) in two divided doses, on a weight-normalized level (mg/kg/day) is initially recommended. Clinical efficacy trials in children are ongoing with dosages of 20 to 60 mg/kg/day.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Pellock JM; Glauser TA; Bebin EM; Fountain NB; Ritter FJ; Coupez RM; Shields WD
  • Start Page

  • 1574
  • End Page

  • 1579
  • Volume

  • 42
  • Issue

  • 12