Preferentially aligned silver nanorod arrays prepared by oblique angle vapor deposition were evaluated as substrates for surface-enhanced infrared absorption (SEIRA) spectroscopy. These nanorod arrays have an irregular surface lattice and are composed of tilted, cylindrically shaped nanorods that have an average length of 868 nm ±95 nm and an average diameter of 99 nm ± 29 nm. The overall enhancement factor for chemisorbed organic films of pora-nitrobenzoic acid (PNBA) deposited onto the Ag nanorod arrays analyzed by external reflection SEIRA was calculated to be 31 ± 9 compared to infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS) obtained from a 500 nm Ag film substrate. This enhancement is attributed to the unique optical properties of the nanorod arrays as well as the increased surface area provided by the nanorod substrate. SEIRA reflection-absorbance intensity was observed with both p- and s-polarized incident radiation with angles of incidence ranging from 25° to 80°. The largest intensity was achieved with p-polarization and incident angles larger than 75°. Polarization-dependent ultraviolet/visible/ near-infrared (UV/Vis/NIR) spectra of the nanorod arrays demonstrate that the red-shifted surface plasmon peaks of the elongated nanorods may be partially responsible for the observed SEIRA response. The SEIRA detection limit for the Ag nanorod arrays was estimated to be 0.08 ng/cm 2. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and SEIRA analysis of chemisorbed PNBA utilizing the same nanorod substrate is demonstrated. © 2006 Society for Applied Spectroscopy.