Analysis of photoinitiated polymerization in a membrane mimetic film using infrared spectroscopy and near-IR Raman microscopy

Academic Article

Abstract

  • A method has been developed to investigate the extent of polymer cross-linking that results following in situ photopolymerization of an acrylate-functionalized phospholipid assembly adsorbed onto a stabilized, membrane-mimetic film produced from a polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) on polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts. The acrylate phospholipid monomer was synthesized, prepared as a unilamellar vesicle, and fused onto closed-packed acyl chains that make up the PEM membrane-mimetic barrier on the PTFE graft. Both broad band white light and 514.5 nm laser radiation were used as excitation sources for photoinitiation; eosin Y was used as the photoinitiator. The use of 514.5 nm excitation reduced the time for maximum polymerization of the acrylate lipid from 60 min to 240 s. Infrared spectroscopy was successfully used to analyze the extent of photopolymerization in simplified model acrylate lipid systems; however, this method could not be used to analyze acrylate polymerization in heterogeneous, multicomponent PEM membrane-mimetic barriers on PTFE grafts. A near-infrared Raman microscopy method based on the ratio of the integrated areas of the CC and CN vibrations was shown to provide equivalent information to the IR method for analysis of the extent of polymerization efficiency in acrylate lipids. In addition, it proved feasible to extend this near-IR Raman method to the in situ analysis of the extent of polymerization in a stabilized acrylate lipid membrane on a PEM film in a PTFE vascular graft. This work describes a new approach for generating and analyzing the robustness of a membrane-mimetic coating on biomaterial surfaces, and may improve our ability to predict the long-term stability of polymeric membrane-mimetic films on implantable medical devices. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 10914543
  • Author List

  • Murphy MR; Faucher KM; Sun XL; Chaikof EL; Dluhy RA
  • Start Page

  • 226
  • End Page

  • 232
  • Volume

  • 46
  • Issue

  • 4