Structures of yeast vesicle trafficking proteins

Academic Article

Abstract

  • In protein transport between organelles, interactions of v- and t-SNARE proteins are required for fusion of proteincontaining vesicles with appropriate target compartments. Mammalian SNARE proteins have been observed to interact with NSF and SNAP, and yeast SNAREs with yeast homologues of NSF and SNAP proteins. This observation led to the hypothesis that, despite low sequence homology, SNARE proteins are structurally similar among eukaryotes. SNARE proteins can be classified into two groups depending on whether they interact with SNARE binding partners via conserved glutamine (Q-SNAREs) or arginine (R-SNAREs). Much of the published Structural data available is for SNAREs involved in exocytosis (either in yeast or synaptic vesicles). This paper describes circular dichroism, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; and dynamic light scattering data for a set of yeast v-and t-SNARE proteins, Vti 1p and Pep12p, that are Q-SNAREs involved in intracellular trafficking. Our results suggest that the secondary structure of Vti 1p is highly α- helical and that Vti 1 p forms multimers under a variety of solution conditions. In these respects, Vti1p appears to be distinct from R-SNARE proteins characterized previously. The α-helicity of Vti 1p is similar to that of Q-SNARE proteins characterized previously. Pep12p, a Q-SNARE, is highly α-helical. It is distinct from other Q-SNAREs in that it forms dimers under many of the solution conditions tested in our experiments. The results presented in this paper are among the first to suggest heterogeneity in the functioning of SNARE complexes.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Protein Science  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 10049049
  • Author List

  • Tishgarten T; Yin FF; Faucher KM; Dluhy RA; Grant TR; Von Mollard GF; Stevens TH; Lipscomb LA
  • Start Page

  • 2465
  • End Page

  • 2473
  • Volume

  • 8
  • Issue

  • 11