R3As reacts with NR′R″Cl to give good yields of a new homologous series of aminoarsonium chlorides, [R3AsNR′R″]Cl, in which R = Me, Et, n-Pr, and Ph; R′ and/or R″ = H, Me. IR, NMR, mass, and X-ray spectral data suggest that the arsenic is tetra- coordinate. Electfical conductivity and temperature and concentration dependent NMR studies suggest that hydrogen-bonding interactions are important in solution. Quaternization of the arsenic produces a downfield 1H NMR chemical shift for the protons in the alkyl chains and a change from non-equivalence to equivalence of the C-1 protons. The NMR data are compared with those for the analogous phosphorus compounds. The electron impact, chemical ionization, and negative ion mass spectral data and fragment ion identities are given for the compounds. Ions corresponding to a variety of AsCl containing species, in addition to those associated .with fragmentation of the R3As moieties, are observed in the EI mass spectra. AsN, AsNAs, and AsNAsN containing fragments are observed in the Cl mass spectra and AsCl bonding species in the NI mass spectra. A preliminary X-ray diffraction study of [n-Pr3AsNH2]Cl indicates near tetrahedral geometry about the arsenic atom. © 1986.