Systematic review and meta-analysis of behavioral interventions to improve child pedestrian safety.

Academic Article


  • OBJECTIVE: Pedestrian injuries represent a pediatric public health challenge. This systematic review/meta-analysis evaluated behavioral interventions to teach children pedestrian safety. METHODS: Multiple strategies derived eligible manuscripts (published before April 1, 2013, randomized design, evaluated behavioral child pedestrian safety interventions). Screening 1,951 abstracts yielded 125 full-text retrievals. 25 were retained for data extraction, and 6 were later omitted due to insufficient data. In all, 19 articles reporting 25 studies were included. Risk of bias and quality of evidence were assessed. RESULTS: Behavioral interventions generally improve children's pedestrian safety, both immediately after training and at follow-up several months later. Quality of the evidence was low to moderate. Available evidence suggested interventions targeting dash-out prevention, crossing at parked cars, and selecting safe routes across intersections were effective. Individualized/small-group training for children was the most effective training strategy based on available evidence. CONCLUSIONS: Behaviorally based interventions improve children's pedestrian safety. Efforts should continue to develop creative, cost-efficient, and effective interventions.
  • Authors

    Published In


  • accidents and injuries, evidence-based practice, meta-analysis, prevention/control, public health, systematic review, Accidents, Traffic, Behavior Therapy, Child, Humans, Pedestrians, Safety
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Schwebel DC; Barton BK; Shen J; Wells HL; Bogar A; Heath G; McCullough D
  • Start Page

  • 826
  • End Page

  • 845
  • Volume

  • 39
  • Issue

  • 8