Silicon vacancy color center photoluminescence enhancement in nanodiamond particles by isolated substitutional nitrogen on {100} surfaces

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Fluorescent nanodiamonds were produced by incorporation of silicon-vacancy (Si-V) defect centers in as-received diamonds of averaged size ∼255 nm using microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition. The potential for further enhancement of Si-V emission in nanodiamonds (NDs) is demonstrated through controlled nitrogen doping by adding varying amounts of N2 in a H2 + CH4 feedgas mixture. Nitrogen doping promoted strong narrow-band (FWHM ∼ 10 nm) emission from the Si-V defects in NDs, as confirmed by room temperature photoluminescence. At low levels, isolated substitutional nitrogen in {100} growth sectors is believed to act as a donor to increase the population of optically active (Si-V)- at the expense of optically inactive Si-V defects, thus increasing the observed luminescence from this center. At higher levels, clustered nitrogen leads to deterioration of diamond quality with twinning and increased surface roughness primarily on {111} faces, leading to a quenching of the Si-V luminescence. Enhancement of the Si-V defect through controlled nitrogen doping offers a viable alternative to nitrogen-vacancy defects in biolabeling/sensing applications involving sub-10 nm diamonds for which luminescent activity and stability are reportedly poor. © 2013 American Institute of Physics.
  • Authors

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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Singh S; Catledge SA
  • Volume

  • 113
  • Issue

  • 4