Effect of kidney donor hepatitis C virus serostatus on renal transplant recipient and allograft outcomes.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is common in dialysis patients and renal transplant recipients and has been associated with diminished patient and allograft survival. HCV-positive (HCV+) kidneys have been used in HCV-positive (HCV+) recipients as a means of facilitating transplantation and expanding the organ donor pool; however, the effect of donor HCV serostatus in the modern era is unknown. METHODS: Using national transplant registry data, we created a propensity score-matched cohort of HCV+ recipients who received HCV-positive donor kidneys compared to those transplanted with HCV-negative kidneys. RESULTS: Transplantation with an HCV+ kidney was associated with an increased risk of death {hazard ratio [HR] 1.43 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18-1.76]; P < 0.001} and allograft loss [HR 1.39 (95% CI 1.16-1.67); P < 0.001] compared with their propensity score-matched counterparts. However, HCV+ kidneys were not associated with an increased risk of acute rejection [odds ratio 1.16 (95% CI 0.84-1.61); P = 0.35]. CONCLUSIONS: While use of HCV+ donor kidneys can shorten the wait for renal transplantation and maximize organ utility for all candidates on the waiting list, potential recipients should be counseled about the increased risks associated with HCV+ kidney.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Keywords

  • donors, hepatitis C, hepatitis C–positive, kidney transplantation
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Cohen JB; Eddinger KC; Shelton B; Locke JE; Forde KA; Sawinski D
  • Start Page

  • 564
  • End Page

  • 572
  • Volume

  • 10
  • Issue

  • 4