Utility of the Autism Observation Scale for Infants in Early Identification of Autism in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder with high prevalence of associated autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Our primary objectives were to determine early predictors of autism risk to identify children with TSC in most need of early interventions. The Autism Observation Scale for Infants (AOSI) was evaluated as a measure of ASD-associated behaviors in infants with TSC at age 12 months and its ability to predict ASD at 24 months. METHODS: Children ages 0 to 36 months with TSC were enrolled in the TSC Autism Center of Excellence Research Network (TACERN), a multicenter, prospective observational study to identify biomarkers of ASD. The AOSI was administered at age 12 months and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-2 (ADOS-2) and Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) at 24 months. Developmental functioning was assessed using the Mullen Scales of Early Learning. Children were classified as ASD or non-ASD according to the ADOS-2. RESULTS: Analysis included 79 children who had been administered the AOSI at 12 months and ADOS-2 and ADI-R at 24 months. The ASD group had a mean AOSI total score at 12 months significantly higher than the non-ASD group (11.8 ± 7.4 vs 6.3 ± 4.7; P < 0.001). An AOSI total score cutoff of 13 provided a specificity of 0.89 to detect ASD with the ADOS-2. AOSI total score at 12 months was similarly associated with exceeding cutoff scores on the ADI-R. CONCLUSIONS: The AOSI is a useful clinical tool in determining which infants with TSC are at increased risk for developing ASD.
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    Keywords

  • Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, autism observational scale for infants, autism spectrum disorder, infants, toddlers, tuberous sclerosis complex, Autistic Disorder, Child, Preschool, Female, Genetic Testing, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Sensitivity and Specificity, Severity of Illness Index, Tuberous Sclerosis
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Capal JK; Horn PS; Murray DS; Byars AW; Bing NM; Kent B; Bucher LA; Williams ME; O'Kelley S; Pearson DA
  • Start Page

  • 80
  • End Page

  • 86
  • Volume

  • 75