Metabolic syndrome cluster does not provide incremental prognostic information in patients with stable cardiovascular disease: A post hoc analysis of the AIM-HIGH trial.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a well-known risk factor for the development of cardiovascular (CV) disease; yet, controversy persists whether it adds incremental prognostic value in patients with established CV disease. OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to determine if MS is associated with worse CV outcomes in patients with established CV disease treated intensively with statins. METHODS: We performed a post hoc analysis of the Atherothrombosis Intervention in Metabolic Syndrome with Low HDL/High Triglycerides and Impact on Global Health Outcomes trial, in which patients with established CV disease and atherogenic dyslipidemia (n = 3414) were randomly assigned to receive extended release niacin or placebo during a mean 36-month follow-up, to assess whether the presence of MS or the number of MS components contributed to CV outcomes. RESULTS: The composite primary end point of CV events occurred in 15.1% of patients without MS vs 13.8%, 16.9%, and 16.8% of patients with MS in the subsets with 3, 4, and 5 MS components, respectively (corresponding adjusted hazard ratios 0.9, 1.1, and 1.1 relative to patients without MS), P = .55. Comparing subgroups with 3 vs 4 or 5 MS components, there was no significant difference in either the composite primary end point or secondary end points. Patients with diabetes mellitus had higher event rates, with or without the presence of MS. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of MS was not associated with worse CV outcomes in the AIM-HIGH population. The rate of CV events in statin-treated Atherothrombosis Intervention in Metabolic Syndrome with Low HDL/High Triglycerides and Impact on Global Health Outcomes patients with MS was not significantly influenced by the number of MS components.
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    Keywords

  • Atherogenic dyslipidemia, Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes mellitus, Extended-release niacin, Metabolic syndrome, Cardiovascular Diseases, Female, Humans, Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Male, Metabolic Syndrome, Middle Aged, Predictive Value of Tests, Prognosis
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    Authorlist

  • Lyubarova R; Robinson JG; Miller M; Simmons DL; Xu P; Abramson BL; Elam MB; Brown TM; McBride R; Fleg JL
  • Start Page

  • 1201
  • End Page

  • 1211
  • Volume

  • 11
  • Issue

  • 5