Transport injuries and deaths in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • OBJECTIVES: Transport injuries (TI) are ranked as one of the leading causes of death, disability, and property loss worldwide. This paper provides an overview of the burden of TI in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) by age and sex from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: Transport injuries mortality in the EMR was estimated using the Global Burden of Disease mortality database, with corrections for ill-defined causes of death, using the cause of death ensemble modeling tool. Morbidity estimation was based on inpatient and outpatient datasets, 26 cause-of-injury and 47 nature-of-injury categories. RESULTS: In 2015, 152,855 (95% uncertainty interval: 137,900-168,100) people died from TI in the EMR countries. Between 1990 and 2015, the years of life lost (YLL) rate per 100,000 due to TI decreased by 15.5%, while the years lived with disability (YLD) rate decreased by 10%, and the age-standardized disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) rate decreased by 16%. CONCLUSIONS: Although the burden of TI mortality and morbidity decreased over the last two decades, there is still a considerable burden that needs to be addressed by increasing awareness, enforcing laws, and improving road conditions.
  • Authors

    Keywords

  • Burden of disease, Eastern Mediterranean Region, Transport injuries, Accidents, Traffic, Adolescent, Adult, Female, Global Burden of Disease, Global Health, Humans, Male, Mediterranean Region, Middle Aged, Middle East, Quality-Adjusted Life Years, Wounds and Injuries, Young Adult
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Transportation Injuries Collaborators
  • Start Page

  • 187
  • End Page

  • 198
  • Volume

  • 63
  • Issue

  • Suppl 1