Age and sex disparities in discharge statin prescribing in the stroke belt: Evidence from the reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke study

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2017 The Authors and Medtronic. Background--Stroke is a costly and debilitating disease that disproportionately affects blacks. Despite the efficacy of statins, evidence suggests racial disparities may exist in statin prescribing. Methods and Results--We analyzed discharge medications for participants hospitalized for an ischemic stroke during follow-up of the REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) study. Medications on admission and discharge were abstracted from medical records. Among the 666 eligible incident strokes (2003-2013), analyses were restricted to 323 participants who were not statin users at the time of admission and had no history of atrial fibrillation. Overall, 48.7% were prescribed a statin on discharge. In the Stroke Belt, participants aged 65 years and older were 47% less likely to be discharged on a statin compared with those younger than 65 years (relative risk [RR], 0.53; 95% CI, 0.38-0.74). This association was not observed in non-Stroke Belt residents. Outside the Stroke Belt, blacks were more likely than whites to be discharged on a statin (RR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.04-1.94), while no black:white association was present among Stroke Belt residents (RR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.69-1.26; P for interaction=0.228). Compared with women, men in the Stroke Belt were 31% less likely to be discharged on a statin (RR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.50-0.94) while men outside the Stroke Belt were more likely to be discharged on a statin (RR, 1.38; 95% CI, 0.99-1.92; P for interaction=0.004). Conclusions--Statin discharge prescribing may differ among Stroke Belt and non-Stroke Belt residents, particularly in older Americans and men.
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    Author List

  • Albright KC; Howard VJ; Howard G; Muntner P; Bittner V; Safford MM; Boehme AK; Rhodes JD; Beasley TM; Judd SE
  • Volume

  • 6
  • Issue

  • 8