SIgM-fcmr interactions regulate early b cell activation and plasma cell development after influenza virus infection

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Copyright © 2017 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc. Previous studies with mice lacking secreted IgM(sIgM) due to a deletion of the ms splice region (ms2/2) had shown sIgM involvement in normal B cell development and in support of maximal Ag-specific IgG responses. Because of the changes to B cell development, it remains unclear to which extent and how sIgM directly affects B cell responses. In this study, we aimed to explore the underlying mechanisms of sIgM-mediated IgG response regulation during influenza virus infection. Generating mice with normally developed ms-deficient B cells, we demonstrate that sIgM supports IgG responses by enhancing early Ag-specific B cell expansion, not by altering B cell development. Lack of FcmR expression on B cells, but not lack of Fca/mR expression or complement activation, reduced antiviral IgG responses to the same extent as observed in ms2/2 mice. B cell-specific Fcmr2/2 mice lacked robust clonal expansion of influenza hemagglutinin-specific B cells early after infection and developed fewer spleen and bone marrow IgG plasma cells and memory B cells, compared with controls. However, germinal center responses appeared unaffected. Provision of sIgM rescued plasma cell development from ms2/2 but not Fcmr2/2 B cells, as demonstrated with mixed bone marrow chimeric mice. Taken together, the data suggest that sIgM interacts with FcmR on B cells to support early B cell activation and the development of long-lived humoral immunity.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Nguyen TTT; Graf BA; Randall TD; Baumgarth N
  • Start Page

  • 1635
  • End Page

  • 1646
  • Volume

  • 199
  • Issue

  • 5