Short versus Extended Duration of Trophic Feeding to Reduce Time to Achieve Full Enteral Feeding in Extremely Preterm Infants: An Observational Study

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel. Background: Trophic feeding compared to no enteral feeding prevents atrophy of the gastrointestinal tract. However, the practice of extending the duration of trophic feeding often delays initiation of full enteral feeding in extremely preterm infants. We hypothesized that a short duration of trophic feeding (3 days or less) is associated with early initiation of full enteral feeding. Methods: A total of 192 extremely preterm infants (23-28 weeks' gestation) born between 2013 and 2015 were included. Infants were divided into 2 groups according to the duration of trophic feeding (short vs. extended). The primary outcome was time to achieve full enteral feeding and the safety outcome was necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and/or death. Results: A short duration of trophic feeding was associated with a reduction in time to achieve full enteral feeding after adjustment for birth weight, gestational age, race, sex, type of enteral nutrition, and day of initiation of trophic feeding (mean difference favoring a short duration of trophic feeding: -4.1 days; 95% CI: -2.3 to -5.8; p < 0.001). A short duration of trophic feeding was not associated with a higher risk of NEC and/or death after achieving full enteral feeding (AOR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.30-2.77; p = 0.87). Conclusions: A short duration of trophic feeding is associated with early initiation of full enteral feeding. A short duration of trophic feeding is not associated with a higher risk of NEC, but our study was underpowered for this safety outcome. Randomized trials are needed to test this study hypothesis.
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    Author List

  • Salas AA; Kabani N; Travers CP; Phillips V; Ambalavanan N; Carlo WA
  • Start Page

  • 211
  • End Page

  • 216
  • Volume

  • 112
  • Issue

  • 3