Modular organization of the AIDA autotransporter translocator: The N-terminal β1-domain is surface-exposed and stabilizes the transmembrane β2-domain

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The adhesin involved in diffuse adherence (AIDA-I) of the diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli strain 2787 (O126:H27) is synthesized as a precursor molecule. This pre-pro-protein is N- and C-terminally processed to generate three distinct domains, which are characteristic for autotransporter secretion systems in Gram-negative bacteria: the N-terminal pre-peptide, the α-domain and the C-terminal β-domain. The outer membrane-integrated β-domain (AIDAC) is responsible for the surface-presentation of the α-domain (AIDA-I) and is thus termed 'translocator'. Characterization of extracted N-terminally truncated forms and of in vitro refolded proteins revealed a core structure at the C-terminus of the translocator which was found to be very stable even in the presence of SDS. Denaturation occurs only after additional incubation at temperatures above 80 °C. Reporter-epitope insertions were used to analyze the location of regions of membrane-integrated AIDAC relative to the membrane. The modified topological model developed for the AIDA translocator suggests the N-terminal domain (β1) encompasses approximately 10 kDa to represent a completely surface-exposed segment while the C-terminal compact core domain (β2) remains integrated in the membrane as a β-barrel-like structure. Though the β2-core structure alone harbours all the information for the outer membrane integration of AIDAC it is additionally stabilized by the β1-domain. Access to large amounts of complete as well as truncated AIDAC proteins facilitated the study of protein folding by CD and fluorescence spectroscopy. A potential pore forming activity of the translocator using the completely refolded AIDAC or the β2-core in black-lipid membranes could not be demonstrated.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Konieczny MPJ; Benz I; Hollinderbäumer B; Beinke C; Niederweis M; Schmidt MA
  • Start Page

  • 19
  • End Page

  • 34
  • Volume

  • 80
  • Issue

  • 1