Perceived racial/ethnic discrimination among fifth-grade students and its association with mental health.

Academic Article


  • OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe the prevalence, characteristics, and mental health problems of children who experience perceived racial/ethnic discrimination. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from a study of 5147 fifth-grade students and their parents from public schools in 3 US metropolitan areas. We used multivariate logistic regression (overall and stratified by race/ethnicity) to examine the associations of sociodemographic factors and mental health problems with perceived racial/ethnic discrimination. RESULTS: Fifteen percent of children reported perceived racial/ethnic discrimination, with 80% reporting that discrimination occurred at school. A greater percentage of Black (20%), Hispanic (15%), and other (16%) children reported perceived racial/ethnic discrimination compared with White (7%) children. Children who reported perceived racial/ethnic discrimination were more likely to have symptoms of each of the 4 mental health conditions included in the analysis: depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and conduct disorder. An association between perceived racial/ethnic discrimination and depressive symptoms was found for Black, Hispanic, and other children but not for White children. CONCLUSIONS: Perceived racial/ethnic discrimination is not an uncommon experience among fifth-grade students and may be associated with a variety of mental health disorders.
  • Authors

    Published In


  • Child, Child Welfare, Cohort Studies, Confidence Intervals, Cross-Sectional Studies, Ethnic Groups, Female, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Mental Disorders, Mental Health, Odds Ratio, Prejudice, Prevalence, Psychometrics, Risk Factors, Schools, Social Perception, Students, United States
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Coker TR; Elliott MN; Kanouse DE; Grunbaum JA; Schwebel DC; Gilliland MJ; Tortolero SR; Peskin MF; Schuster MA
  • Start Page

  • 878
  • End Page

  • 884
  • Volume

  • 99
  • Issue

  • 5