Nocturnal awakenings and pediatric injury risk.

Academic Article


  • OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to examine relations between nocturnal awakenings and unintentional injury risk among toddlers. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 799 children was followed longitudinally from birth through 36 months. Patterns of nocturnal awakening were assessed by parent-report at ages 6, 15, 24 and 36 months, and injury events were reported at quarterly intervals over the same time period. A range of external covariates, including positive and negative affect and externalizing behavior; maternal stress, maternal depression, and parenting style; and family socioeconomic status were measured. RESULTS: A persistent pattern of very mild nocturnal awakening was related to increased risk of injury during the toddler years, and that relation held after controlling for a range of potential covariates. CONCLUSIONS: A pattern of persistent nocturnal awakening appears to be related to unintentional injury risk in toddlers.
  • Authors

    Published In


  • Affect, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Incidence, Infant, Male, Maternal Behavior, Mothers, Parenting, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Sleep Wake Disorders, Wakefulness, Wounds and Injuries
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Schwebel DC; Brezausek CM
  • Start Page

  • 323
  • End Page

  • 332
  • Volume

  • 33
  • Issue

  • 3