Patient-Reported Outcomes Can Be Used to Streamline Post-Total Hip Arthroplasty Follow-Up to High-Risk Patients.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes are increasingly used to capture the patients' perspective in total hip arthroplasty (THA). They can potentially be used to streamline post-THA follow-up to high-risk patients. We aimed to determine whether the long-term revision risk in THA relates to patient-reported measures at 2 and 5 years. METHODS: In a single-institution cohort of primary THA procedures, we examined the association between 2-year and 5-year pain and Mayo Hip Scores and the risk of revision. RESULTS: The absolute scores at 2 and 5 years were both significantly associated with the risk of revisions. Every 10-unit decline in the 2-year Mayo Hip Score <60 was associated with a significant 50% increase in the risk of revision (hazard ratio, 1.5 per 10 units; 95% confidence interval, 1.3-1.8). Similarly, every 10-unit decline in the 5-year Mayo Hip Score <60 was associated with almost doubling of the risk of revision (hazard ratio, 1.9 per 10 units; 95% confidence interval, 1.7-2.1). CONCLUSION: We conclude that patient-reported outcomes in THA have prognostic importance and can be taken into account when planning frequency of aftercare. This will improve the efficiency of follow-up in large registry-based follow-up efforts.
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    Keywords

  • follow-up, patient-reported outcomes, revision risk, risk factors, total hip arthroplasty, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Pain, Patient Reported Outcome Measures, Proportional Hazards Models, Registries, Reoperation, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Authorlist

  • Yao JJ; Maradit Kremers H; Schleck CD; Larson DR; Singh JA; Berry DJ; Lewallen DG
  • Start Page

  • 3319
  • End Page

  • 3321
  • Volume

  • 32
  • Issue

  • 11