Dense Genotyping of Immune-Related Regions Identifies Loci for Rheumatoid Arthritis Risk and Damage in African Americans.

Academic Article


  • Over 100 risk loci for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been identified in individuals of European and Asian descent, but the genetic basis for RA in African Americans is less well understood. We genotyped 610 African Americans with autoantibody positive RA and 933 African American controls on the ImmunoChip (iChip) array. Using multivariable regression we evaluated the association between iChip markers and the risk of RA and radiographic severity. The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1964995 (OR = 1.97, p = 1.28 × 10-15) near HLA-DRB1 was the most strongly associated risk SNP for RA susceptibility; SNPs in AFF3, TNFSF11, and TNFSF18 loci were suggestively associated (10-4 < p < 3.1 × 10-6). Trans-ethnic fine mapping of AFF3 identified a 90% credible set containing previously studied variants including rs9653442, rs7608424, and rs6712515 as well as the novel candidate variant rs11681966; several of these likely influence AFF3 gene expression level. Variants in TNFRSF9, CTLA4, IL2RA, C5/TRAF1, and ETS1 - but no variants within the major histocompatibility complex - were associated with RA radiographic severity. Conditional regression and pairwise linkage disequilibrium (LD) analyses suggest that additional pathogenic variants may be found in ETS1 and IL2RA beyond those found in other ethnicities. In summary, we use the dense genotyping of the iChip array and unique LD structure of African Americans to validate known risk loci for RA susceptibility and radiographic severity, and to better characterize the associations of AFF3, ETS1, and IL2RA.
  • Published In

  • Molecular Medicine  Journal
  • Keywords

  • African Americans, aff3, fine-mapping, genetics, immunochip, rheumatoid arthritis, trans-ethnic, Adult, African Americans, Aged, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Female, Genotype, Humans, Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit, Male, Middle Aged, Nuclear Proteins, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Proto-Oncogene Protein c-ets-1, Risk, Severity of Illness Index
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Danila MI; Laufer VA; Reynolds RJ; Yan Q; Liu N; Gregersen PK; Lee A; Kern M; Langefeld CD; Arnett DK
  • Start Page

  • 177
  • End Page

  • 187
  • Volume

  • 23