A semiempirical model for generating molybdenum target x-ray spectra is presented. The model is an extension of a previous model developed by the authors for tungsten and takes into account the depth of production for both bremsstrahlung and characteristic x-ray photons. As in the previous work, the optimal model parameters were determined using nonlinear least-squares fits to experimental data. Good agreement between the two was obtained. By varying target angle, off-axis angle, and filtration in the model in accordance with the x-ray tube and geometry of interest, results consistent with tabulated spectra for different conditions have been obtained. © 1991, American Association of Physicists in Medicine. All rights reserved.