While the mouse and human H proteins are structurally and functionally similar, they differ in their genetics. Whereas there is no evidence in humans for more than one gene; in mice the H locus is complex. Based on cDNA sequence and hybridization analysis of genomic cosmid clones, there are at least three distinct genes, all highly related to one another. The consensus repeating unit that comprises this molecule has obviously been duplicated numerous times, since it is present in many other molecules. Thus, it is not surprising to discover that there are several genes related to H in the mouse. A similar case has been described for two other members of this family. In humans, CR1 cDNA hybridizes to two distinct genomic clusters in the CR1 locus (Wong et al. 1989), and in mice, mCRY hybridizes to two regions in the genome, one on chromosome 1 and another on chromosome 8 (Aegerter-Shaw et al. 1987). It will be of interest to see if any other members of this family display as complex a genetic locus as murine H.