Although 17β-estradiol (E2) administration after trauma-hemorrhage (T-H) reduces tissue neutrophil sequestration in male rodents, it remains unknown which of the estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes mediates this effect and whether the same ER subtype is involved in all the tissues. We hypothesized that the salutary effects of E2 on attenuation of neutrophil accumulation following T-H are tissue and receptor subtype-specific. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent sham operation or T-H (mean blood pressure, 40 mmHg for 90 min and then resuscitation). E2 (50 μg/kg), ER-α agonist propyl pyrazole triol (PPT; 5 μg/kg), ER-β agonist diarylpropiolnitrile (DPN; 5 μg/kg), or vehicle (10% dimethyl sulfoxide) was administered subcutaneously during resuscitation. Twenty-four hours thereafter, tissue myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity (a marker of neutrophil sequestration), cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC)-1, CINC-3, and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 levels in the liver, intestine, and lung were measured (n=6 rats/group). ER-α and ER-β mRNA levels in sham-operated rats were also determined. T-H increased MPO activity, CINC-1, CINC-3, and ICAM-1 levels in the liver, intestine, and lung. These parameters were improved significantly in rats receiving E2 after T-H. Administration of the ER-α agonist PPT but not the ER-β agonist DPN improved the measured parameters in the liver. In contrast, DPN but not PPT significantly improved these parameters in the lung. In the intestine, ER subtype specificity was not observed. ER-α mRNA expression was highest in the liver, whereas ER-β mRNA expression was greatest in the lung. Thus, the salutary effects of E2 administration on tissue neutrophil sequestration following T-H are receptor subtype and tissue-specific. © Society for Leukocyte Biology.