Effects of 17β-estradiol and flutamide on inflammatory response and distant organ damage following trauma-hemorrhage in metestrus females

Academic Article


  • We hypothesized that administration of androgen receptors antagonist flutamide following trauma-hemorrhage (T-H) in metestrus females will maintain immune function and reduce remote organ damage under those conditions. Female B57BL/J6 mice (metestrus state, 8-12 weeks old) underwent laparotomy and hemorrhagic shock (35.0±5.0 mmHg for 90 min) and then received 17β-estradiol (E2; 50 μg/25 g), flutamide (625 μg/25 g), or E2 + flutamide. Four hours after resuscitation, plasma cytokine and chemokine (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ, and MCP-1) concentrations and their release in vitro by hepatic and pulmonary tissue macrophages (MΦ) were determined by flow cytometry. Organ damage was assessed by edema formation (wet-to-dry weight ratio) and neutrophil infiltration [myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity]. Administration of E2, flutamide, or E2 + flutamide following T-H resulted in a significant decrease in systemic TNF-α, IL-6, and MCP-1 concentrations under those conditions. This was accompanied by significantly decreased in vitro TNF-α release by Kupffer cells after administration of E2, flutamide, or E2 + flutamide. The in vitro release of proinflammatory cytokines by alveolar MΦ, however, was reduced significantly only by the addition of E2 or E2 + flutamide but not by the addition of flutamide. A significant decrease in pulmonary and hepatic edema formation as well as neutrophil infiltration in the lung was observed after E2, flutamide and E2 + flutamide administration. In contrast, hepatic neutrophil infiltration was only significantly reduced following E2 and E2 + flutamide administration. Thus, although flutamide does not produce synergistic, salutary effects with E2, its administration in females following T-H also produces salutary effects on the immune and organ function, similar to E2 administration under those conditions. © Society for Leukocyte Biology.
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    Author List

  • Hildebrand F; Hubbard WJ; Choudhry MA; Thobe BM; Pape HC; Chaudry IH
  • Start Page

  • 759
  • End Page

  • 765
  • Volume

  • 80
  • Issue

  • 4