Hepatoprotective effects of corilagin following hemorrhagic shock are through Akt-dependent pathway

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Copyright © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the Shock Society. Corilagin, a component of Phyllanthus urinaria extract, possesses antioxidant, thrombolytic, antiatherogenic, and hepatoprotective properties, but the mechanism underlying these effects remains unclear. Previous studies showed that the Akt (protein kinase B) signaling pathway exerts anti-inflammatory and organ protective effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of action of corilagin and determine whether these effects are mediated through the Akt-dependent pathway in a trauma-hemorrhagic shock-induced liver injury rodent model. Hemorrhagic shock was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats; mean blood pressure was maintained at 35 mm Hg to 40 mm Hg for 90min, followed by fluid resuscitation. During resuscitation, three doses of corilagin alone (1 mg/kg, 5 mg/kg, or 10mg/kg, intravenously) were administered. Furthermore, a single dose of corilagin (5mg/kg) with and without Wortmannin (1mg/kg, PI3K inhibitor), Wortmannin alone, or vehicle was administered. Twenty-four hours after resuscitation, plasma alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase concentration and hepatic parameters were measured. One-way ANOVA was used for statistical analysis. Hepatic myeloperoxidase activity and the concentrations of plasma alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1 (CINC-1) and CINC-3 increased following hemorrhagic shock. These parameters were significantly attenuated in corilagin-treated rats following hemorrhagic shock. Hepatic phospho-Akt expression was also higher in corilagin-treated rats than in vehicle-treated rats. The elevation of phospho-Akt was abolished by combined treatment with Wortmannin and corilagin. Our results suggest that corilagin exerts its protective effects on hemorrhagic shock-induced liver injury, at least, via the Akt-dependent pathway.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Shock  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Liu FC; Chaudry IH; Yu HP
  • Start Page

  • 346
  • End Page

  • 351
  • Volume

  • 47
  • Issue

  • 3