The role of genetic variation near interferon-kappa in systemic lupus erythematosus

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by increased type I interferons (IFNs) and multiorgan inflammation frequently targeting the skin. IFN-kappa is a type I IFN expressed in skin. A pooled genome-wide scan implicated the IFNK locus in SLE susceptibility. We studied IFNK single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 3982 SLE cases and 4275 controls, composed of European (EA), African-American (AA), and Asian ancestry. rs12553951C was associated with SLE in EA males (odds ratio=1.93, P=2.5 10 -4), but not females. Suggestive associations with skin phenotypes in EA and AA females were found, and these were also sex-specific. IFNK SNPs were associated with increased serum type I IFN in EA and AA SLE patients. Our data suggest a sex-dependent association between IFNK SNPs and SLE and skin phenotypes. The serum IFN association suggests that IFNK variants could influence type I IFN producing plasmacytoid dendritic cells in affected skin. Copyright 2010 Isaac T. W. Harley et al.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Harley ITW; Niewold TB; Stormont RM; Kaufman KM; Glenn SB; Franek BS; Kelly JA; Kilpatrick JR; Hutchings D; Divers J
  • Volume

  • 2010