Upper tract urologic LaparoEndoscopic Single-Site surgery.

Academic Article


  • LaparoEndoscopic Single-Site (LESS) surgery has been developed as an extension of conventional laparoscopy to provide a minimally invasive option with fewer incisions, minimizing scars and potentially improving postoperative convalescence. These techniques have been adopted in the practice of urologic surgery, and largely employed to date for upper tract surgery by urologists in specialized centers with advanced laparoscopic practices. Herein, we review the current experience with upper tract urologic LESS surgery.
  • Published In


  • Kidney transplantation, LaparoEndoscopic Single-Site, laparoscopy, renal cell carcinoma, upper tract urothelial carcinoma, ureteropelvic junction obstruction
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Rais-Bahrami S; Waingankar N; Richstone L
  • Start Page

  • 60
  • End Page

  • 64
  • Volume

  • 28
  • Issue

  • 1